Command Line Interface

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Alluxio’s command line interface provides users with basic file system operations. You can invoke the following command line utility to get all the subcommands:

./bin/alluxio
Usage: alluxio [COMMAND]
       [format [-s]]
       [getConf [key]]
       [logLevel]
       [runTests]
       ...

General operations

This section lists usages and examples of general Alluxio operations with the exception of file system commands which are covered in the Admin CLI doc.

extensions

The extensions command is for managing UFS extensions to Alluxio. For additional information, refer to the main page.

format

The format command formats the Alluxio master and all its workers.

If -s specified, only format if under storage is local and does not already exist

Running this command on an existing Alluxio cluster deletes everything persisted in Alluxio, including cached data and any metadata information. Data in under storage will not be changed.

Warning: format is required when you run Alluxio for the first time. format should only be called while the cluster is not running.

./bin/alluxio format
./bin/alluxio format -s

formatMaster

The formatMaster command formats the Alluxio master.

The Alluxio master stores various forms of metadata, including:

  • file system operations
  • where files are located on workers
  • journal transactions
  • under storage file metadata

All this information is deleted if formatMaster is run.,

Warning: formatMaster should only be called while the cluster is not running.

./bin/alluxio formatMaster

formatWorker

The formatWorker command formats the Alluxio worker.

An Alluxio worker caches files and objects.

formatWorker deletes all the cached data stored in this worker node. Data in under storage will not be changed.

Warning: formatWorker should only be called while the cluster is not running.

./bin/alluxio formatWorker

fsadmin

The fsadmin command is meant for administrators of the Alluxio cluster. It provides added tools for diagnostics and troubleshooting. For more information see the main page.

bootstrapConf

The bootstrapConf command generates the bootstrap configuration file ${ALLUXIO_HOME}/conf/alluxio-env.sh with the specified ALLUXIO_MASTER_HOSTNAME, if the configuration file does not exist.

In addition, worker memory size and the ramdisk folder will be set in the configuration file in accordance to the state of the machine:

  • type: Mac or Linux
  • total memory size
./bin/alluxio bootstrapConf <ALLUXIO_MASTER_HOSTNAME>

getConf

The getConf command prints the configured value for the given key. If the key is invalid, it returns a nonzero exit code. If the key is valid but isn’t set, an empty string is printed. If no key is specified, the full configuration is printed.

Options:

  • --master option prints any configuration properties used by the master.
  • --source option prints the source of the configuration properties.
  • --unit <arg> option displays the configuration value in the given unit. For example, with --unit KB, a configuration value of 4096B returns as 4, and with --unit S, a configuration value of 5000ms returns as 5. Possible unit options include B, KB, MB, GB, TP, PB as units of byte size and MS, S, M, H, D as units of time.
# Displays all the current node configuration
./bin/alluxio getConf

# Displays the value of a property key
./bin/alluxio getConf alluxio.master.hostname

# Displays the configuration of the current running Alluxio leading master
./bin/alluxio getConf --master

# Also display the source of the configuration
./bin/alluxio getConf --source

# Displays the values in a given unit
./bin/alluxio getConf --unit KB alluxio.user.block.size.bytes.default
./bin/alluxio getConf --unit S alluxio.master.journal.flush.timeout

logLevel

The logLevel command returns the current value of or updates the log level of a particular class on specific instances. Users are able to change Alluxio server-side log levels at runtime.

The command follows the format alluxio logLevel --logName=NAME [--target=<master|worker|host:port>] [--level=LEVEL], where:

  • --logName <arg> indicates the logger’s class (e.g. alluxio.master.file.DefaultFileSystemMaster)
  • --target <arg> lists the Alluxio master or workers to set. The target could be of the form <master|workers|host:webPort> and multiple targets can be listed as comma-separated entries. The host:webPort format can only be used when referencing a worker. The default target value is all masters and workers.
  • --level <arg> If provided, the command changes to the given logger level, otherwise it returns the current logger level.

For example, the following command sets the logger level of the class alluxio.heartbeat.HeartbeatContext to DEBUG on master as well as a worker at 192.168.100.100:30000:

alluxio logLevel --logName=alluxio.heartbeat.HeartbeatContext --target=master,192.168.100.100:30000 --level=DEBUG

And the following command returns the log level of the class alluxio.heartbeat.HeartbeatContext among all the workers:

alluxio logLevel --logName=alluxio.heartbeat.HeartbeatContext --target=workers

runTests

The runTests command runs end-to-end tests on an Alluxio cluster to provide a comprehensive sanity check.

./bin/alluxio runTests

runUfsTests

The runUfsTests aims to test the integration between Alluxio and the given UFS. UFS tests validate the semantics Alluxio expects of the UFS.

--help provides detailed guidance. --path <ufs_path> (required) the full UFS path to run tests against.

The usage of this command includes:

  • Test if the given UFS credentials are valid before mounting the UFS to an Alluxio cluster.
  • If the given UFS is S3, this test can also be used as a S3 compatibility test to test if the target under filesystem can fulfill the minimum S3 compatibility requirements in order to work well with Alluxio.
  • Validate the contract between Alluxio and the given UFS. This is primarily intended for Alluxio developers. Developers are required to add test coverage for changes to an Alluxio UFS module and run those tests to validate.
# Run tests against local UFS
./bin/alluxio runUfsTests --path /local/underfs/path

# Run tests against S3
./bin/alluxio runUfsTests --path s3://<s3_bucket_name> -Daws.accessKeyId=<access_key> -Daws.secretKey=<secret_key>
-Dalluxio.underfs.s3.endpoint=<endpoint_url> -Dalluxio.underfs.s3.disable.dns.buckets=true

upgradeJournal

The upgradeJournal command upgrades an Alluxio journal version 0 (Alluxio version < 1.5.0) to an Alluxio journal version 1 (Alluxio version >= 1.5.0).

-journalDirectoryV0 <arg> will provide the v0 journal persisted location.\ It is assumed to be the same as the v1 journal directory if not set.

./bin/alluxio upgradeJournal

copyDir

The copyDir command copies the directory at PATH to all worker nodes listed in conf/workers.

./bin/alluxio copyDir conf/alluxio-site.properties

version

The version command prints Alluxio version.

./bin/alluxio version

validateConf

The validateConf command validates the local Alluxio configuration files, checking for common misconfigurations.

./bin/alluxio validateConf

validateEnv

Before starting Alluxio, it is recommended to ensure that the system environment is compatible with running Alluxio services. The validateEnv command runs checks against the system and reports any potential problems that may prevent Alluxio from starting properly.

The usage is validateEnv COMMAND [NAME] [OPTIONS] where COMMAND can be one of the following values:

  • local: run all validation tasks on the local machine
  • master: run master validation tasks on the local machine
  • worker: run worker validation tasks on the local machine
  • all: run corresponding validation tasks on all master and worker nodes
  • masters: run master validation tasks on all master nodes
  • workers: run worker validation tasks on all worker nodes
  • list: list all validation tasks
# Runs all validation tasks on the local machine
./bin/alluxio validateEnv local

# Runs corresponding validation tasks on all master and worker nodes
./bin/alluxio validateEnv all

# Lists all validation tasks
./bin/alluxio validateEnv list

For all commands except list, NAME specifies the leading prefix of any number of tasks. If NAME is not given, all tasks for the given COMMAND will run.

# Only run validation tasks that check your local system resource limits
./bin/alluxio validateEnv ulimit
# Only run the tasks start with "ma", like "master.rpc.port.available" and "master.web.port.available"
./bin/alluxio validateEnv local ma

OPTIONS can be a list of command line options. Each option has the format -<optionName> [optionValue] For example, [-hadoopConfDir <arg>] could set the path to server-side hadoop configuration directory when running validating tasks.

File System Operations

./bin/alluxio fs
Usage: alluxio fs [generic options]
       [cat <path>]
       [checkConsistency [-r] <Alluxio path>]
       ...

For fs subcommands that take Alluxio URIs as argument (e.g. ls, mkdir), the argument should be either a complete Alluxio URI, such as alluxio://<master-hostname>:<master-port>/<path>, or a path without its header, such as /<path>, to use the default hostname and port set in the conf/allluxio-site.properties.

Wildcard input

Most of the commands which require path components allow wildcard arguments for ease of use. For example:

./bin/alluxio fs rm '/data/2014*'

The example command deletes anything in the data directory with a prefix of 2014.

Note that some shells will attempt to glob the input paths, causing strange errors (Note: the number 21 could be different and comes from the number of matching files in your local filesystem):

rm takes 1 arguments,  not 21

As a workaround, you can disable globbing (depending on the shell type; for example, set -f) or by escaping wildcards, for example:

./bin/alluxio fs cat /\\*

Note the double escape; this is because the shell script will eventually call a java program which should have the final escaped parameters (cat /\\*).

cat

The cat command prints the contents of a file in Alluxio to the console. If you wish to copy the file to your local file system, copyToLocal should be used.

For example, when testing a new computation job, cat can be used as a quick way to check the output:

./bin/alluxio fs cat /output/part-00000

checkConsistency

The checkConsistency command compares Alluxio and under storage metadata for a given path. If the path is a directory, the entire subtree will be compared. The command returns a message listing each inconsistent file or directory. The system administrator should reconcile the differences of these files at their discretion. To avoid metadata inconsistencies between Alluxio and under storages, design your systems to modify files and directories through Alluxio and avoid directly modifying the under storage.

If the -r option is used, the checkConsistency command will repair all inconsistent files and directories under the given path. If an inconsistent file or directory exists only in under storage, its metadata will be added to Alluxio. If an inconsistent file exists in Alluxio and its data is fully present in Alluxio, its metadata will be loaded to Alluxio again.

NOTE: This command requires a read lock on the subtree being checked, meaning writes and updates to files or directories in the subtree cannot be completed until this command completes.

For example, checkConsistency can be used to periodically validate the integrity of the namespace.

# List each inconsistent file or directory
./bin/alluxio fs checkConsistency /
#
# Repair the inconsistent files or directories
./bin/alluxio fs checkConsistency -r /

checksum

The checksum command outputs the md5 value of a file in Alluxio.

For example, checksum can be used to verify the contents of a file stored in Alluxio.

./bin/alluxio fs checksum /LICENSE
md5sum: bf0513403ff54711966f39b058e059a3
md5 LICENSE
MD5 (LICENSE) = bf0513403ff54711966f39b058e059a3

chgrp

The chgrp command changes the group of the file or directory in Alluxio. Alluxio supports file authorization with Posix file permission. Group is an authorizable entity in Posix file permissions model. The file owner or super user can execute this command to change the group of the file or directory.

Adding -R option also changes the group of child file and child directory recursively.

For example, chgrp can be used as a quick way to change the group of file:

./bin/alluxio fs chgrp alluxio-group-new /input/file1

chmod

The chmod command changes the permission of file or directory in Alluxio. Currently, octal mode is supported: the numerical format accepts three octal digits which refer to permissions for the file owner, the group and other users. Here is number-permission mapping table:

NumberPermissionrwx
7 read, write and execute rwx
6 read and write rw-
5 read and execute r-x
4 read only r--
3 write and execute -wx
2 write only -w-
1 execute only --x
0 none ---

Adding -R option also changes the permission of child file and child directory recursively.

For example, chmod can be used as a quick way to change the permission of file:

./bin/alluxio fs chmod 755 /input/file1

chown

The chown command changes the owner of the file or directory in Alluxio. For security reasons, the ownership of a file can only be altered by a super user.

For example, chown can be used as a quick way to change the owner of file:

./bin/alluxio fs chown alluxio-user /input/file1
./bin/alluxio fs chown alluxio-user:alluxio-group /input/file2

Adding -R option also changes the owner of child file and child directory recursively.

copyFromLocal

The copyFromLocal command copies the contents of a file in the local file system into Alluxio. If the node you run the command from has an Alluxio worker, the data will be available on that worker. Otherwise, the data will be copied to a random remote node running an Alluxio worker. If a directory is specified, the directory and all its contents will be copied recursively.

For example, copyFromLocal can be used as a quick way to inject data into the system for processing:

./bin/alluxio fs copyFromLocal /local/data /input

copyToLocal

The copyToLocal command copies a file in Alluxio to the local file system. If a directory is specified, the directory and all its contents will be copied recursively.

For example, copyToLocal can be used as a quick way to download output data for additional investigation or debugging.

./bin/alluxio fs copyToLocal /output/part-00000 part-00000
wc -l part-00000

count

The count command outputs the number of files and folders matching a prefix as well as the total size of the files. count works recursively and accounts for any nested directories and files. count is best utilized when the user has some predefined naming conventions for their files.

For example, if data files are stored by their date, count can be used to determine the number of data files and their total size for any date, month, or year.

./bin/alluxio fs count /data/2014

cp

The cp command copies a file or directory in the Alluxio file system or between the local file system and Alluxio file system.

Scheme file indicates the local file system whereas scheme alluxio or no scheme indicates the Alluxio file system.

If the -R option is used and the source designates a directory, cp copies the entire subtree at source to the destination.

For example, cp can be used to copy files between under storage systems.

./bin/alluxio fs cp /hdfs/file1 /s3/

du

The du command outputs the total size and in Alluxio size of files and folders.

If a directory is specified, it will display the total size and in Alluxio size of all files in this directory. If the -s option is used, it will display the aggregate summary of file lengths being displayed.

By default, du prints the size in bytes. If the -h option is used, it will print sizes in human readable format (e.g., 1KB 234MB 2GB).

The --memory option will print the in memory size as well.

# Shows the size information of all the files in root directory
./bin/alluxio fs du /
File Size     In Alluxio       Path
1337          0 (0%)           /alluxio-site.properties
4352          4352 (100%)      /testFolder/NOTICE
26847         0 (0%)           /testDir/LICENSE
2970          2970 (100%)      /testDir/README.md

# Shows the in memory size information
./bin/alluxio fs du --memory /
File Size     In Alluxio       In Memory        Path
1337          0 (0%)           0 (0%)           /alluxio-site.properties
4352          4352 (100%)      4352 (100%)      /testFolder/NOTICE
26847         0 (0%)           0 (0%)           /testDir/LICENSE
2970          2970 (100%)      2970 (100%)      /testDir/README.md

# Shows the aggregate size information in human-readable format
./bin/alluxio fs du -h -s /
File Size     In Alluxio       In Memory        Path
34.67KB       7.15KB (20%)     7.15KB (20%)     /

# Can be used to detect which folders are taking up the most space
./bin/alluxio fs du -h -s /\\*
File Size     In Alluxio       Path
1337B         0B (0%)          /alluxio-site.properties
29.12KB       2970B (9%)       /testDir
4352B         4352B (100%)     /testFolder

fileInfo

The fileInfo command is deprecated since Alluxio version 1.5. Please use alluxio fs stat <path> command instead.

The fileInfo command dumps the FileInfo representation of a file to the console. It is primarily intended to assist power users in debugging their system. Generally viewing the file info in the UI is much easier to understand.

For example, fileInfo can be used to debug the block locations of a file. This is useful when trying to achieve locality for compute workloads.

./bin/alluxio fs fileInfo /data/2015/logs-1.txt

free

The free command sends a request to the master to evict all blocks of a file from the Alluxio workers. If the argument to free is a directory, it will recursively free all files. This request is not guaranteed to take effect immediately, as readers may be currently using the blocks of the file. free will return immediately after the request is acknowledged by the master. Note that files must be already persisted in under storage before being freed or the free command will fail. Any pinned files cannot be freed unless -f option is specified. The free command does not delete any data from the under storage system, only removing the blocks of those files in Alluxio space to reclaim space. Metadata is not affected by this operation; a freed file will still show up if an ls command is run.

For example, free can be used to manually manage Alluxio’s data caching.

./bin/alluxio fs free /unused/data

getCapacityBytes

The getCapacityBytes command returns the maximum number of bytes Alluxio is configured to store.

For example, getCapacityBytes can be used to verify if your cluster is set up as expected.

./bin/alluxio fs getCapacityBytes

getfacl

The getfacl command returns the ACL entries for a specified file or directory.

For example, getfacl can be used to verify that an ACL is changed successfully after a call to setfacl.

./bin/alluxio fs getfacl /testdir/testfile

getUsedBytes

The getUsedBytes command returns the number of used bytes in Alluxio.

For example, getUsedBytes can be used to monitor the health of the cluster.

./bin/alluxio fs getUsedBytes

The head command prints the first 1 KB of data in a file to the console.

Using the -c [bytes] option will print the first n bytes of data to the console.

./bin/alluxio fs head -c 2048 /output/part-00000

help

The help command prints the help message for a given fs subcommand. If the given command does not exist, it prints help messages for all supported subcommands.

Examples:

# Print all subcommands
./bin/alluxio fs help
#
# Print help message for ls
./bin/alluxio fs help ls

leader

The leader command prints the current Alluxio leading master hostname.

./bin/alluxio fs leader

load

The load command moves data from the under storage system into Alluxio storage. If there is a Alluxio worker on the machine this command is run from, the data will be loaded to that worker. Otherwise, a random worker will be selected to serve the data.

If the data is already loaded into Alluxio, load is a no-op unless the --local flag is used. The --local flag forces the data to be loaded to a local worker even if the data is already available on a remote worker. If load is run on a directory, files in the directory will be recursively loaded.

For example, load can be used to prefetch data for analytics jobs.

./bin/alluxio fs load /data/today

loadMetadata

The loadMetadata command is deprecated since Alluxio version 1.1. Please use alluxio fs ls <path> command instead.

The loadMetadata command queries the under storage system for any file or directory matching the given path and creates a mirror of the file in Alluxio backed by that file. Only the metadata, such as the file name and size, are loaded this way and no data transfer occurs.

For example, loadMetadata can be used when other systems output to the under storage directly and the application running on Alluxio needs to use the output of those systems.

./bin/alluxio fs loadMetadata /hdfs/data/2015/logs-1.txt

location

The location command returns the addresses of all the Alluxio workers which contain blocks belonging to the given file.

For example, location can be used to debug data locality when running jobs using a compute framework.

./bin/alluxio fs location /data/2015/logs-1.txt

ls

The ls command lists all the immediate children in a directory and displays the file size, last modification time, and in memory status of the files. Using ls on a file will only display the information for that specific file.

The ls command will also load the metadata for any file or immediate children of a directory from the under storage system to Alluxio namespace if it does not exist in Alluxio. ls queries the under storage system for any file or directory matching the given path and creates a mirror of the file in Alluxio backed by that file. Only the metadata, such as the file name and size, are loaded this way and no data transfer occurs.

Options:

  • -d option lists the directories as plain files. For example, ls -d / shows the attributes of root directory.
  • -f option forces loading metadata for immediate children in a directory. By default, it loads metadata only at the first time at which a directory is listed.
  • -h option displays file sizes in human-readable formats.
  • -p option lists all pinned files.
  • -R option also recursively lists child directories, displaying the entire subtree starting from the input path.
  • --sort sorts the result by the given option. Possible values are size, creationTime, inMemoryPercentage, lastModificationTime, and path.
  • -r reverses the sorting order.

For example, ls can be used to browse the file system.

./bin/alluxio fs mount /s3/data s3://data-bucket/
# Loads metadata for all immediate children of /s3/data and lists them.
./bin/alluxio fs ls /s3/data/
#
# Forces loading metadata.
aws s3 cp /tmp/somedata s3://data-bucket/somedata
./bin/alluxio fs ls -f /s3/data 
#
# Files are not removed from Alluxio if they are removed from the UFS (s3 here) only.
aws s3 rm s3://data-bucket/somedata
./bin/alluxio fs ls -f /s3/data

masterInfo

The masterInfo command prints information regarding master fault tolerance such as leader address, list of master addresses, and the configured Zookeeper address. If Alluxio is running in single master mode, masterInfo prints the master address. If Alluxio is running in fault tolerance mode, the leader address, list of master addresses and the configured Zookeeper address is printed.

For example, masterInfo can be used to print information regarding master fault tolerance.

./bin/alluxio fs masterInfo

mkdir

The mkdir command creates a new directory in Alluxio space. It is recursive and will create any nonexistent parent directories. Note that the created directory will not be created in the under storage system until a file in the directory is persisted to the underlying storage. Using mkdir on an invalid or existing path will fail.

For example, mkdir can be used by an admin to set up the basic folder structures.

./bin/alluxio fs mkdir /users
./bin/alluxio fs mkdir /users/Alice
./bin/alluxio fs mkdir /users/Bob

mount

The mount command links an under storage path to an Alluxio path, where files and folders created in Alluxio space under the path will be backed by a corresponding file or folder in the under storage path. For more details, see Unified Namespace.

Options:

  • --option <key>=<val> option passes an property to this mount point, such as S3 credentials
  • --readonly option sets the mount point to be readonly in Alluxio
  • --shared option sets the permission bits of the mount point to be accessible for all Alluxio users

Note that --readonly mounts are useful to prevent accidental write operations. If multiple Alluxio satellite clusters mount a remote storage cluster which serves as the central source of truth, --readonly option could help prevent any write operations on the satellite cluster from wiping out the remote storage.

For example, mount can be used to make data in another storage system available in Alluxio.

./bin/alluxio fs mount /mnt/hdfs hdfs://host1:9000/data/
./bin/alluxio fs mount --shared --readonly /mnt/hdfs2 hdfs://host2:9000/data/
./bin/alluxio fs mount --option aws.accessKeyId=<accessKeyId> --option aws.secretKey=<secretKey> /mnt/s3 s3://data-bucket/

mv

The mv command moves a file or directory to another path in Alluxio. The destination path must not exist or be a directory. If it is a directory, the file or directory will be placed as a child of the directory. mv is purely a metadata operation and does not affect the data blocks of the file. mv cannot be done between mount points of different under storage systems.

For example, mv can be used to re-organize your files.

./bin/alluxio fs mv /data/2014 /data/archives/2014

persist

The persist command persists data in Alluxio storage into the under storage system. This is a server side data operation and will take time depending on how large the file is. After persist is complete, the file in Alluxio will be backed by the file in the under storage, and will still be available if the Alluxio blocks are evicted or otherwise lost.

If you are persisting multiple files, you can use the --parallelism <#> option to submit # of persist commands in parallel. For example, if your folder has 10,000 files, persisting with a parallelism factor of 10 will persist 10 files at a time until all 10,000 files are persisted.

For example, persist can be used after filtering a series of temporary files for the ones containing useful data.

./bin/alluxio fs persist /tmp/experimental-logs-2.txt

pin

The pin command marks a file or folder as pinned in Alluxio. This is a metadata operation and will not cause any data to be loaded into Alluxio. If a file is pinned, any blocks belonging to the file will never be evicted from an Alluxio worker. If there are too many pinned files, Alluxio workers may run low on storage space, preventing other files from being cached.

For example, pin can be used to manually ensure performance if the administrator understands the workloads well.

./bin/alluxio fs pin /data/today

rm

The rm command removes a file from Alluxio space and the under storage system. The file will be unavailable immediately after this command returns, but the actual data may be deleted a while later.

  • Adding -R option deletes all contents of the directory and the directory itself.
  • Adding -U option skips the check for whether the UFS contents being deleted are in-sync with Alluxio before attempting to delete persisted directories.
  • Adding --alluxioOnly option removes data and metadata from Alluxio space only. The under storage system will not be affected.
# Remove a file from Alluxio space and the under storage system
./bin/alluxio fs rm /tmp/unused-file
# Remove a file from Alluxio space only
./bin/alluxio fs rm --alluxioOnly /tmp/unused-file2

setfacl

The setfacl command modifies the access control list associated with a specified file or directory.

The-R option applies operations to all files and directories recursively. The -m option modifies the ACL by adding/overwriting new entries. The -x option removes specific ACL entries. The -b option removes all ACL entries, except for the base entries. The -k option removes all the default ACL entries.

For example, setfacl can be used to give read and execute permissions to a user named testuser.

./bin/alluxio fs setfacl -m "user:testuser:r-x" /testdir/testfile

setReplication

The setReplication command sets the max and/or min replication level of a file or all files under a directory recursively. This is a metadata operation and will not cause any replication to be created or removed immediately. The replication level of the target file or directory will be changed automatically in background. This command takes an argument of --min to specify the minimal replication level and --max for the maximal replication. Specify -1 as the argument of --max option to indicate no limit of the maximum number of replicas. If the specified path is a directory and -R is specified, it will recursively set all files in this directory.

For example, setReplication can be used to ensure the replication level of a file has at least one copy and at most three copies in Alluxio:

$ ./bin/alluxio fs setReplication --max 3 --min 1 /foo

setTtl

The setTtl command sets the time-to-live of a file or a directory, in milliseconds. If set TTL is run on a directory, the same TTL attributes is set on all its children. If a directory’s TTL expires, all its children will also expire.

Action parameter --action will indicate the action to perform once the file or directory expires. The default action, delete, deletes the file or directory from both Alluxio and the under storage system, whereas the action free frees the file from Alluxio even if pinned.

For example, setTtl with action delete cleans up files the administrator knows are unnecessary after a period of time, or with action free just remove the contents from Alluxio to make room for more space in Alluxio.

# After 1 day, delete the file in Alluxio and UFS
./bin/alluxio fs setTtl /data/good-for-one-day 86400000
# After 1 day, free the file from Alluxio
./bin/alluxio fs setTtl --action free /data/good-for-one-day 86400000

stat

The stat command dumps the FileInfo representation of a file or a directory to the console. It is primarily intended to assist power users in debugging their system. Generally viewing the file info in the UI will be easier to understand.

One can specify -f <arg> to display info in given format:

  • %N: name of the file
  • %z: size of file in bytes
  • %u: owner
  • %g: group name of owner
  • %y or %Y: modification time, where %y shows the UTC date in the form yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss and %Y shows the number of milliseconds since January 1, 1970 UTC
  • %b: Number of blocks allocated for file

For example, stat can be used to debug the block locations of a file. This is useful when trying to achieve locality for compute workloads.

# Displays file's stat
./bin/alluxio fs stat /data/2015/logs-1.txt
#
# Displays directory's stat
./bin/alluxio fs stat /data/2015
#
# Displays the size of file
./bin/alluxio fs stat -f %z /data/2015/logs-1.txt

tail

The tail command outputs the last 1 KB of data in a file to the console. Using the -c [bytes] option will print the last n bytes of data to the console.

For example, tail can be used to verify the output of a job is in the expected format or contains expected values.

./bin/alluxio fs tail /output/part-00000

test

The test command tests a property of a path, returning 0 if the property is true or 1 otherwise.

Options:

  • -d option tests whether path is a directory.
  • -e option tests whether path exists.
  • -f option tests whether path is a file.
  • -s option tests whether path is not empty.
  • -z option tests whether file is zero length.

Examples:

./bin/alluxio fs test -d /someDir
echo $?

touch

The touch command creates a 0-byte file. Files created with touch cannot be overwritten and are mostly useful as flags.

For example, touch can be used to create a file signifying the completion of analysis on a directory.

./bin/alluxio fs touch /data/yesterday/_DONE_

unmount

The unmount command disassociates an Alluxio path with an under storage directory. Alluxio metadata for the mount point is removed along with any data blocks, but the under storage system will retain all metadata and data. See Unified Namespace for more details.

For example, unmount can be used to remove an under storage system when the users no longer need data from that system.

./bin/alluxio fs unmount /s3/data

unpin

The unpin command unmarks a file or directory in Alluxio as pinned. This is a metadata operation and will not evict or delete any data blocks. Once a file is unpinned, its data blocks can be evicted from the various Alluxio workers containing the block.

For example, unpin can be used when the administrator knows there is a change in the data access pattern.

./bin/alluxio fs unpin /data/yesterday/join-table

unsetTtl

The unsetTtl command will remove the TTL attributes of a file or directory in Alluxio. This is a metadata operation and will not evict or store blocks in Alluxio. The TTL of a file can later be reset with setTtl.

For example, unsetTtl can be used if a regularly managed file requires manual management.

./bin/alluxio fs unsetTtl /data/yesterday/data-not-yet-analyzed