Google Cloud Storage

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This guide describes how to configure Alluxio with Google Cloud Storage (GCS) as the under storage system.

Google Cloud Storage (GCS) is a scalable and durable object storage service offered by Google Cloud Platform (GCP). It allows users to store and retrieve various types of data, including unstructured and structured data.

For more information about GCS, please read its documentation.


If you haven’t already, please see Prerequisites before you get started.

In preparation for using GCS with Alluxio:

<GCS_BUCKET> Create a new bucket in your Google Cloud account or use an existing bucket
<GCS_DIRECTORY> The directory you want to use in the bucket, either by creating a new directory or using an existing one

Alluxio provides two ways to access GCS. GCS version 1 is implemented based on jets3t library which is design for AWS S3. Thus, it only accepts Google cloud storage interoperability access/secret keypair which allows full access to all Google cloud storages inside a Google cloud project. No permission or access control can be placed on the interoperability keys. The conjunction of Google interoperability API and jets3t library also impact the performance of the default GCS UFS module.

The default GCS UFS module (GCS version 2) is implemented based on Google Cloud API which accepts Google application credentials. Based on the application credentials, Google cloud can determine what permissions an authenticated client has for its target Google cloud storage bucket. Besides, GCS with Google cloud API has much better performance than the default one in metadata and read/write operations.

Basic Setup

To use Google Cloud Storage as the UFS of Alluxio root mount point, you need to configure Alluxio to use under storage systems by modifying conf/ If it does not exist, create the configuration file from the template.

$ cp conf/ conf/

Specify an existing GCS bucket and directory as the underfs address by modifying conf/ to include:


Choose your preferred GCS UFS version and provide the corresponding Google credentials.

Running Alluxio Locally with GCS

Once you have configured Alluxio to GCS, try running Alluxio locally to see that everything works.

Advanced Setup

Customize the Directory Suffix

Directories are represented in GCS as zero-byte objects named with a specified suffix. The directory suffix can be updated with the configuration parameter

GCS Access Control

If Alluxio security is enabled, Alluxio enforces the access control inherited from underlying object storage.

The GCS credentials specified in Alluxio config represents a GCS user. GCS service backend checks the user permission to the bucket and the object for access control. If the given GCS user does not have the right access permission to the specified bucket, a permission denied error will be thrown. When Alluxio security is enabled, Alluxio loads the bucket ACL to Alluxio permission on the first time when the metadata is loaded to Alluxio namespace.

Mapping from GCS ACL to Alluxio permission

Alluxio checks the GCS bucket READ/WRITE ACL to determine the owner’s permission mode to a Alluxio file. For example, if the GCS user has read-only access to the underlying bucket, the mounted directory and files would have 0500 mode. If the GCS user has full access to the underlying bucket, the mounted directory and files would have 0700 mode.

Mount point sharing

If you want to share the GCS mount point with other users in Alluxio namespace, you can enable

Permission change

Command such as chown, chgrp, and chmod to Alluxio directories and files do NOT propagate to the underlying GCS buckets nor objects.

Mapping from GCS user to Alluxio file owner (GCS Version 1 only)

By default, Alluxio tries to extract the GCS user id from the credentials. Optionally, can be used to specify a preset gcs owner id to Alluxio username static mapping in the format id1=user1;id2=user2. The Google Cloud Storage IDs can be found at the console address. Please use the “Owners” one.

Accessing GCS through Proxy (GCS Version 2 only)

If the Alluxio cluster is behind a corporate proxy or a firewall, the Alluxio GCS integration may not be able to access the internet with the default settings.

Add the following java options to conf/ before starting the Alluxio Masters and Workers.

ALLUXIO_MASTER_JAVA_OPTS+=" -Dhttps.proxyHost=<proxy_host> -Dhttps.proxyPort=<proxy_port> -Dhttp.proxyHost=<proxy_host> -Dhttp.proxyPort=<proxy_port> -Dhttp.nonProxyHosts=<non_proxy_host>"
ALLUXIO_WORKER_JAVA_OPTS+=" -Dhttps.proxyHost=<proxy_host> -Dhttps.proxyPort=<proxy_port> -Dhttp.proxyHost=<proxy_host> -Dhttp.proxyPort=<proxy_port> -Dhttp.nonProxyHosts=<non_proxy_host>"

An example value for http.nonProxyHosts is localhost|127.*|[::1]|

If username and password are required for the proxy, add the http.proxyUser, https.proxyUser, http.proxyPassword, and https.proxyPassword java options.